Аутор и коаутори: Suzana Šobot Novaković, Sanja Ćuk, Dragan Rakanović, Dragana Lončar Stojiljković, Branka Čančarević Đajić, Miroslav Gajić

Neonatal outcomes in labor after intravenous remifentanil analgesia vs. epidural analgesia : a retrospective observational study

Година објаве: 2024

Језик: Енглески


Background Some evidence indicates that maternal analgesia during labor may have adverse effects on neonates due to exposure to specific drugs or the potential effects of analgesia on the course of labor. We assessed the clinical outcome of term neonates born to mothers who received epidural analgesia (E) or systemic analgesia with remifentanil (R) during labor. Methods Data was collected retrospectively over one year. We have evaluated the medical records of 247 full-term neonates; 208 were born to mothers who received E and 39 to mothers who received R. Data on Apgar scores and neonatal complications (perinatal asphyxia, respiratory distress, infection, hyperbilirubinemia, and birth injuries), and average hospital stay were collected. Mann-Whitney U test, chi-square test, and logistic regression analysis were used where appropriate. Results The values of the mean Apgar scores between E and R at 1 and 5 minutes were similar (8.83 vs. 8.97, p = 0.252; 9.81 vs. 9.87, p = 0.762, respectively). The average length of neonatal hospitalization did not differ between groups (4.19 vs. 4; p = 0.557). The percentages of neonates with any complication were similar between groups (28.3% vs. 32.5%, p = 0.598). Neonates born by cesarean delivery (CD) had significantly worse outcomes than those born vaginally (p = 0.008, OR 2.8, 95% CI [1.30, 6.17]). Conclusion We did not find a statistically significant difference in mean Apgar scores and neonatal complications between neonates who received epidural vs. remifentanil analgesia. An increased rate of complications in neonates born via CD was found. Future studies should have a larger sample size and be powered to detect associations in these findings.